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The Influence of the Application of Inquiry and Problem Based Learning Models on the Critical Thinking Ability of Students in 5th Grade Elementary School

Mufti Arifandi, Firosalia Kristin

Abstract


The research aimed to find out the influence of the application of inquiry learning and problem-based learning and model toward students’ critical thinking skills on the content of 5th-grade science lessons in elementary schools. Types of the research are a quasi-experiment with a nonequivalent control group design. The population of this research is the 5th-grade students of SDN 02 Salatiga as the experiment class and the 5th-grade students of SDN Ledok 07 Salatiga as the control class. The instrument used was an observation instrument and an instrument test. Research hypothesis test using independent sample t-test with a significance level of 5% (α - 0,05). The results showed that the observation instrument obtained a significance value of 0,002 which means 0,002 < 0,05 and the instrument test obtained a significance value of 0,000 which means 0,000 < 0,05, then both of these data are Ho=rejected and Ha=accepted. Thus, it can be concluded there is a significant difference between the critical thinking abilities of students who are given Inquiry learning models and students who are given a Problem-Based Learning model.

Keywords


Inquiry Learning; Problem Based Learning; Critical Thinking Skills.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31258/jes.4.2.p.414-425

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