Cover Image

The Use of Inquiry-Based Handouts on Science Learning for Student Critical Thinking Ability

Suparmi Suparmi, Yustina Yustina, Wan Syafii


The problem that is often found in the field is that poorly trained students thinking critically because learning is still teacher-centered. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of using inquiry-based handouts on students critical thinking abilities. The design of this study was experimental design with pretest and posttest group control design methods. It was by looking at the students ability to answer the pretest and posttest question sheets that contain critical thinking indicators such as analyzing, synthesizing, connecting, concluding, evaluating, and creating. The results of this study show that the students critical thinking skills for the group given the handout showed that they met good criteria, that is the average score above 75. Meanwhile, students critical thinking skills in the class or group of students who were not given handouts were still not more than 50. From the results of the study it can be concluded that the handouts


Critical thinking skills and Use of handouts

Full Text:



Abdullah., Rasmiwetti., & Ardiansyah. (2019). Profile of Superior High School Students’ Higher Order Thinking Skills on Stoichiometry Topic. Journal of Educational Sciences. 3(2), 174-183.

Ahmad, A. (2007). Memahami berfikir kritis. (Online)

Andrews, R. (2015). Critical thinking and/or argumentation in higher education, In M. Davies, & R. Barnett (Eds.). The palgrave handbook of critical thinking in higher education, 49–62.

Changwong, K., Sukkamart, A., & Sisan, B. (2018). Critical thinking skill development: analysis of a new learning management model for Thai high schools. Journal of International Studies, 11(2), 37-48.

Ennis, R. H. (2011). The nature of critical thinking: an outline of critical thinking dispositions and abilities. University of Illinois. (Online)

Erwiza, Sri Kartiko, Gimin. (2019). Factor affecting the concentration of learning and critical thinking on student learning achievement in economic subject. Journal of Eduicational Science, 3(2), 205-215

Karacoc, M. (2016). The significance of critical thinking ability in terms of education. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 6 (7), 81-84.

Kasdin, F. (2012). Critical thinking: membangun pemikiran yang logis. Jakarta: Sinar Harapan.

Kumar, R., & James, R. (2015). Evaluation of critical thinking in higher education in Oman. International Journal of Higher Education, 4(3), 33-43.

Kusuma, E, D., Gunarhadi., & Riyadi. (2018). The strategies to improve critical thinking skills through problem based quantum learning model at primary school. International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding, 5(4), 123-127.

Lorin, A.W & David, K.R. (2010). A taxonomy for learning, teaching and assesing a revision of bloom’s taxonomy of educational objectives. USA: Addison Wesley Longman.

Mutawski, L. M. (2014). Critical thinking in the classroom and beyond, Journal of Learning in Higher Education, 10(1), 25-30.

Santoso, H. (2010). Memberdayakan kemampuan berfikir kritis siswa melalui pembelajaran kontruktivitik. Jurnal Bioedukasi. 1(1), 1-7.

Sarjono. (2017). Internalisasi berfikir kritis dalam pembelajaran fisika, Jurnal Madaniyah, 7(2), 343-352.

Styron, R. A. (2014). Critical thinking and collaboration: a strategy to enhance student learning, Systemic, Cybernetics and Informations, 12(7), hal. 25-30.

Sugiyono. (2010). Metode penelitian pendidikan. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Surya, H. (2013). Cara belajar orang genius. Jakarta: Elex Media Komputindo.

Zainul, A., & Nasution, N. (2010). Penilaian hasil belajar. PAU-PPAI Universitas Terbuka, Jakarta.

Zulirfan., Rahmad, M., Yennita., Nina Kurnia., & Muhammad Sofyan Hadi. (2018). Science Process Skills and Attitudes toward Science of Lower Secondary Students of Merbau Island: A Preliminary Study on the Development of MaritimeBased Contextual Science Learning Media. Journal of Educational Sciences. 2(2). Hal 90-99.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Suparmi Suparmi, Yustina Yustina, Wan Syafii

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 Publisher: FKIP Universitas Riau