Cover Image

Improvement of Mathematical Problem Solving Ability of High School Students through Problem Based Learning

Elmiwati Elmiwati, Kartini Kartini, Zulkarnain Zulkarnain

Abstract


The ability to solve mathematical problems is a very important part that must be owned and developed by students in learning mathematics. However, generally Indonesian students' abilities are very low in understanding complex information and problem solving. Therefore, this article aims to know: 1) the increase in Mathematical Problem Solving Ability (MPSA) of students who get Problem Based Learning (PBL) better than students who get conventional learning with a scientific approach is reviewed overall and based on KAM levels; 2) find out the interaction between PBL and conventional models with KAM level to MPSA; 3) the difference in MPSA increase of students who get PBL learning in terms of KAM level. The research method used was a quasi-experimental research design with a pretest-posttest control group design. The sample of 6 grade students of SMAN 2 Bangkinang Kota class XI totaling 183 students. The instrument in this article is a MPSA test using t-test, two-way ANOVA test and one-way ANOVA test. The results in this study were: 1) the increase in MPSA of students who received PBL learning was better than students who received conventional learning in terms of overall and KAM; 2) there is a significant interaction between PBL and conventional models with KAM level to MPSA; and 3) there is a difference in the increase in MPSA of students who get PBL learning in terms of KAM level significantly.

Keywords


Mathematical Problem Solving Ability; Problem Based Learning; Early Mathematical Ability

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdurrozak, R., & Jayadinata, A. K. (2016). Pengaruh Model Problem Based Learning terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kreatif Siswa. Jurnal Pena Ilmiah, 1(1), 871-880.

Arends, R., & Castle, S. (1991). Learning to teach (Vol. 2). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Daulay, I. S. (2017). Peningkatan Pemecahan Masalah Matematis Dan Motivasi Belajar Melalui Pembelajaran Berbasis Masalah. Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Kependidikan, 2(2), 81-99.

Hake, R. (1999). Analyzing Change/Gain Scores.[On-Line]. Diakses dar i www. physics. indiana. edu/~ sdi/AnalyzingChange-Gain. pdf. pada tanggal, 7.

Inayah, S. (2018). Penerapan Pembelajaran Kuantum untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah dan Representasi Multipel Matematis Siswa. KALAMATIKA Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 3(1), 1-16.

Jatisunda, M. G. (2013). Peningkatan Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Matematis dan Self-Efficacy Siswa Smp Melalui Pembelajaran Kooperatif Tipe Rotating Trio Exchange (RTE) dengan Pendekatan Kontekstual (Doctoral dissertation, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia).

Latif, S. (2017). Mathematical Connection Ability In Solving Mathematics Problem Based On Initial Abilities Of Students At SMPN 10 Bulukumba. Daya Matematis: Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan Matematika, 4(2), 207-217.

Luritawaty, I. P. (2018). Efektivitas Pembelajaran Snowball Throwing terhadap Peningkatan Kemampuan Penalaran Matematis Mahasiwa. Didactical Mathematics, 1(1), 1-8.

Munawaroh, L., Sampoerno, P. D., & Yurniwati, Y. (2018). Pengaruh Problem Based Learning Terhadap Kemampuan Penalaran Matematis Dan Kemampuan Pemahaman Konsep Matematika Ditinjau Dari Kemampuan Awal Matematika. In Prosiding Seminar dan Diskusi Pendidikan Dasar.

Nafiah, Y. N., & Suyanto, W. (2014). Penerapan model problem-based learning untuk meningkatkan keterampilan berpikir kritis dan hasil belajar siswa. Jurnal Pendidikan Vokasi, 4(1), 125-143

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). (2016). PISA 2015 Result. OECD.

Reski, R., Hutapea, N., & Saragih, S. (2019). Peranan Model Problem Based Learning (PBL) terhadap Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Matematis dan Kemandirian Belajar Siswa. JURING (Journal for Research in Mathematics Learning), 2(1), 049-057.

Shofiyah, N., & Wulandari, F. E. (2018). Model Problem Based Learning (PBL) Dalam Melatih Scientific Reasoning Siswa. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA, 3(1), 33-38.

Sumartini, T. S. (2016). Peningkatan kemampuan pemecahan masalah matematis siswa melalui pembelajaran berbasis masalah. Mosharafa: Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 5(2), 148-158.

Wulandari, R. A. (2017). Perbandingan Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah dan Komunikasi Matematis Antara Siswa Yang Memperoleh Pembelajaran dengan Problem Based Learning (PBL) dan Situation Based Learning (SBL): Penelitian Kuasi Eksperimen terhadap Siswa Kelas IX SMP Negeri (Doctoral dissertation, Universitas Pedidikan Indonesia).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31258/jes.4.3.p.584-593

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Educational Sciences

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 Publisher: FKIP Universitas Riau